Touring Shiloh Battlefield
Federal base during the battle
and, for many years, a landing for river steamers. Here Buell's
Army of the Ohio crossed the river to join Grant on the late afternoon
and night of April 6. Thus reinforced, the Federals were able
to force Beauregard to withdraw the next day.
Grant's Last Line
While the men in the "Hornets' Nest"
held the Confederates at bay, general Grant formed a defensive
line along this ridge. The line of altillery marks the final position
of the Union army on April 6. The Federals began their April 7
attack from this line.
Though stunned by suprise attack and forced
to abandon their first line and camps, Union troops staunchly
held this position for 6 hours against 11 Confederate attacks.
This gave Grant time to prepare a strong defensive position closer
to Pittsburg landing.
After repeated infantry atacks against the Hornets'
Nest had failed, Confederate Gen. Daniel Ruggles brought up 62
guns to bombard the Union troops. A final Southern attack under
cover of this artillery fire led to the capture of Union Gen.
Benjamin Prentiss and more than 2,100 Northern troops.
Confederate Burial Trench
The largest of five trenches in which Confederate
dead were buried. More than 700 soldiers lie here.
Water Oaks Pond
The Confederate counterattack through this wet
weather pond on April 7 stopped the Union advances but failed
to break the Union line. With chances for victory gone, Beauregard
withdrew his army to Corinth.
Here stood the original Shiloh Church. The present
church was built in 1949.
At 5:15 a.m. on Sunday, April 6, Federal scouts
discovered the Confederate line of battle advancing into Fraley
Field. There the first shots of the battle were fired.
Union Defense Line
One the low ridge in front of you on the morning
of April 6, Union Gen. Benjamin Prentiss formed his Sixth Division
into line of battle to try and halt the unexpected Confederate
onslaught. The Northerners held for only a few minutes before
being forced to retreat.
Union Camps Overrun
Here, along this road that ran in front of the
Union camps, soldiers from Prentiss' division and others made
a brief stand before being driven back to the Hornets' Nest. The
upright cannon marks where Col. Everett Peabody was killed while
trying to rally his men.
Tent Hospital Site
Here Federal surgeons established one of the
first tent hospitals of the Civil War. By gathering tents from
all over the battlefield and concentrating medical services, patient
care was greatly improved and the death rate was lowered.
Johnston's Death Site
The monument here marks the site where the Confederate
army commander Gen. A.S. Johnston, was mortally wounded.
The orchard was in bloom as the Confederates
repeatedly charged trying to break the Union defensive position
in the woods. The peach blossoms cut by bullets reminded some
observers of falling snow.
Shiloh Battlefield 2