Artifacts Twenty Three

Dr. Waldo Lyon (left), with Commander Andersen, watches reports on special ice detection equipment installed on Nautilus.

Commander William Robert Andersen was born in Bakersville, TN in 1921. He would graduate from Columbia Military School and go on to attend the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, MA. After lengthy service in World War II as a submarine executive officer, he was made captain of the USS Nautilus, where he was assigned to a top-secret mission. After three unsuccessful attempts, on Aug. 3, 1958 at 11.15 p.m., Commander Andersen and his crew became the first submarine crew in history to navigate a path under the North Pole.
He and his crew were given a ticker-tape parade in New York City and honored throughout America for accomplishing the feat.
Commander Andersen retired from the Navy in the 1960s, and was elected to Congress from Tennessee in 1965. Following his retirement from Congress, he moved to Virginia where he still resides today.
The USS Nautilus was eventually decommissioned and is currently at the Mystic, CT Submarine museum where it serves as the museum's main attraction.

Photo (top) courtesy of Commander William R. Andersen
Photo (bottom) courtesy of www.ussnautilus.org

After early Tennessee settler John Bell purchased a farm near present-day Adams, Tenn. in 1804, he began being "visited" by what was believed to be a poltergeist. The incidents around the Bell family became such that word of the "Bell Witch" soon spread across the nation.
The "spirit" would later attract the attention of both Presidents Jackson and Polk and would be blamed for the death of John Bell.
Since then, the site of the Bell home and a nearby cave have been subject to a series of unexplained events that has drawn attention from around the world, earned a historical plaque from the Tennessee Historical Commission, and also has the official honor of being America's oldest X-File.

Photos courtesy of the Bell Witch, John Bell Museum and Pats Web.Com

On March 6, 1836, Mexican General Santa Anna and his army of more than 5,000 stormed the Alamo mission in San Antonio, Texas after being held at bay for more than 12 days by 150 men.
Among the men who fell at the mission were 32 Tennesseans. They were:
  • Micajah Autry
  • Joseph Bayliss
  • John Blair
  • Samuel C. Blair
  • Robert Campbell
  • George Washington Cottle
  • David Crockett
  • Squire Daymon
  • William Dearduff
  • Almeron Dickerson
  • John H. Dillard
  • James L. Ewing
  • William Garnett
  • James Girard Garrett
  • John Camp Goodrich
  • Charles M. Haskell
  • William Marshall
  • Jesse McCoy
  • Thomas R. Miller
  • William Mills
  • Andrew M. Nelson
  • James Robertson
  • Andrew H. Smith
  • A. Spain Summerlin
  • William E. Summers
  • Edward Taylor
  • George Taylor
  • James Taylor
  • William Taylor
  • Asa Walker
  • Jacob Walker
  • Joseph G. Washington

Myles Vandahurst Lynk was born in Haywood County, TN in 1871. Although his father passed away at an early age, Lynk's mother saw to her son's education and hired a tutor.
He apprenticed with a physician in Jackson before attending Meharry Medical College in Nashville.
As a black physician, Dr. Lynk became a leader in his profession being the first to publish a black medical journal and, on Nov. 18, 1895 helped organize and form the National Medical Association, which served as a professional organization for black physicians throughout America. The organization is still in existence today and serves as an organization dedicated to the training of black physicians and hospital.

Art courtesy of Meharry Medical College

Alexander Peter Stewart was born in Rogersville, TN in 1821. He went on to attend and graduate from the US Military academy at West Point. After a year of military service, he took a position as a mathematics professor at Cumberland University.
He joined the Army of Tennessee in 1860 and rose to the Confederate rank of Lt. General and corps commander in the Army of Tennessee. Following his surrender in North Carolina, he resumed his teaching duties at Cumberland University and later took a professorship at the University of Mississippi, where he later served as President.

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