Artifacts Three

Adolph Ochs, the son of a Knoxville Rabbi, started his newspaper career at the "Knoxville Journal." He went on to found the "Chattanooga Times." In 1896, he borrowed $75,000 and gained control of "The New York Times." When he purchased the failing newspaper, its circulation had fallen to 9,000 daily. When he died in 1935, circulation was over 500,000.

The Will Thomas Legion, a Confederate unit made up of Cherokee and Mountaineers, were a terror in the War Between the States. In 1865, they captured the city of Waynesville, North Carolina in order to negotiate a fair surrender. One of the Legion's terms was to be able to carry away their firearms.

On August 18, 1920, Tennessee Representative Harry Burns passed a deciding vote in the Legislature. It made Tennessee the ratifying state of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution. 6 days later, a woman's right to vote became the law of the land.

The worst maritime disaster in U.S. history occured on the Mississippi River eight miles north of Memphis. On April 27, 1865 the steamboat Sultana's boiler exploded. Of 2,000 or more passengers on board, over 1,500 were killed. The majority were Union soldiers recently released from Southern P.O.W. camps.

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